If successful it would be the first time the Championship had ever been held in the region.
Qatar Olympic Committee and Qatar Handball Federation have submitted their event concept - "Qatar 2015: New Times, New Start" - to the International Handball Federation (IHF).
They claim their bid will offer a new opportunity to innovatively promote handball to a new audience, to set new standards of excellence for the championship and to further strengthen the role, status and reach of the IHF.
For the first time, the 2015 Handball World Championship could be hosted in a single city as all of the required competition and training halls and hotels are available in the capital of Doha.
The concept for Qatar 2015 focuses not only on the event itself, but also on creating new opportunities for the IHF by developing a new market and showcasing handball's commitment to universality and worldwide development.
Qatar 2015 has the full support of the Qatari government through the Qatar National Vision 2030 - a plan that bridges government and sport, within which the FIFA World Cup will be one of the drivers.
The bid team will make a first technical presentation to the IHF in Basel, Switzerland tomorrow.
The final presentation and decision will be made in January 2011 in Malmö, Sweden.
Qatar Handball President and chairman of Qatar 2015, Ahmed Mohammed Al-Shaabi, said: "We are excited and ready for the 2015 championship.
"I am delighted to submit such an innovative event concept that showcases how Qatar 2015 will bring handball, the championship and the IHF to new heights.
"After the fantastic news of the FIFA World Cup win last week, I look forward to presenting this other innovative concept to my colleagues in Switzerland."