The French Constitutional Council has backed the use of AI-powered surveillance at Paris 2024 with guidelines for implementation ©Getty Images

The French Constitutional Council has cleared the Government to advance its plans to deploy artificial intelligence (AI) powered surveillance cameras during the Paris 2024 Olympics and Paralympics.

A controversial Bill, which covers this year's men's Rugby World Cup as a rehearsal for the AI technology, received Parliamentary backing last month.

This is set to make it possible to use the video surveillance at sporting and cultural events in an experimental period up to March 31 2025, which supporters say will enable serious security risks including unsupervised luggage and crowd movements to be detected more quickly by processing images by algorithm.

Critics argue the technology "sets a dangerous precedent for human rights" and risks transforming Paris 2024 into an invasion of privacy.

More than 60 opposition Members of Parliament had called for a review of the Olympic and Paralympic Games Bill.

The Constitutional Council, France's highest constitutional authority, backed the use of the cameras with guidelines for implementation and deemed it would not "infringe the right to respect for private life".

Critics argue the AI-surveillance technology infringes on the right to privacy ©Getty Images
Critics argue the AI-surveillance technology infringes on the right to privacy ©Getty Images

It insisted it would not infringe on privacy rights because the technology requires permanent human control of the "development, implementation and possible evolution of algorithmic processing".

The Council said the Bill reserved the technology for "events presenting particular risks of serious breaches of public order".

It also backed the plans for French anti-doping authorities to compare genetic fingerprints and examine an athlete's genetic characteristics in its work.

French Sports and Olympic and Paralympic Games Minister Amélie Oudéa-Castéra welcomed the Constitutional Council's decision.

The Paris 2024 Olympics are scheduled to take place from July 26 to August 11, with the Paralympics due to follow from August 28 to September 8.