Lake Louise is set to host a leg of the FIS Ski World Cup ©Getty Images

Alberta Premier Jason Kenney has enforced stronger provincewide restrictions and a vaccine passport system in the wake of a fourth wave of COVID-19, which will have an effect on events in the province, including the International Ski Federation Alpine Ski World Cup.

The Lake Louise leg of the World Cup near Banff looks set to require all attendees to be vaccinated or face limitations on hosting the event.

Men's downhill and super-G are scheduled to take place on November 27 and 28.

As of Monday (September 20), businesses and non-essential events in Alberta will be required to bring in the system or have restrictions.

Restaurants not part of the vaccine passport programme will be limited to outdoor dining.

Those over the age of 12 will be required to show proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test from the last 72 hours in order to access non-essential businesses and events.

A grace period between Monday and October 25 will be allowed, during which proof of a single dose of the vaccine will be permitted as long as two weeks have passed since the first dose.

There are no physical restrictions on outdoor events and facilities, except social distancing.

Kenney previously said for months that he would not bring in vaccine passports, but said "it was the only responsible choice we have", citing the number of unvaccinated people in hospital.

He declared the state of emergency, saying that intensive care beds and staff to manage COVID-19 patients could run out in 10 days without the measures.

Alberta has the second lowest vaccination rate in Canada ©Getty Images
Alberta has the second lowest vaccination rate in Canada ©Getty Images

"We are facing an emergency that requires immediate action," said Kenney in a media conference, according to Ottawa Citizen.

"We must deal with the reality that we are facing. 

"We cannot push it away, morally, ethically and legally the protection of life must be our paramount concern."

The New Democratic Party provincial leader Rachel Notley called the new rules necessary, but criticised Kenney's delay in taking action after weeks of a rise in cases.

"Jason Kenney and the UCP were unforgivably late to act and now Albertans will pay the price for their cowardice," said Notley in a media conference.

"It should never come to this, the severity of this fourth wave of the consequences we see today are the direct result of this UCP Government’s paralysis."

British Columbia, Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba have already implemented similar measures for its citizens.

Alberta has the second lowest vaccination rate in Canada only behind Saskatchewan, with 71.4 per cent of residents over 12 being fully vaccinated.

National Hockey League teams Edmonton Oilers and Calgary Flames as well as football clubs Cavalry FC and FC Edmonton have already announced that fans have to be fully vaccinated to attend games.